Environmental Damage Caused By Mining

Filed Under (Environmental Pollution) by admin on 04-06-2010

Mining is done to dig out natural resources or fossil fuels from deep deposits in soil. Mining is harsh, hazardous and a very costly method. It includes risks of work-related hazards and accidents.

The ecological damage caused by mining activities begins when the topsoil as well as the plant life is distant from the mining area to haul out minerals. The huge quantities of debris along with big scars upset and spoil the aesthetic worth of the region and make it lying on your front to soil erosion.

Mining disturbs the usual hydrological processes and also pollutes the ground water. Some heavy metals also get leached in to the ground water and taint it posing health hazards.

The acidic water draining from the mines over and over again contaminates the streams and the lakes. The acidic water is unsafe for many forms of aquatic life. Sometimes radioactive substances also are liable to pollute the water bodies all the way through mine wastes and kills marine life.

In order to purify and separate the metal the metal from other impurities in the ore, a course of action called as smelting is used which releases large quantities of air pollutants, damaging the vegetation close at hand and most important to environmental health impacts.

Subsidence of land is mainly associated with underground mining. Subsidence of mining areas results in tilting of buildings, cracks in the walls of the houses, buckling of roads, bending of rail tracks and leaking of gas from cracked pipelines leading to serious disasters.

Most of the miners have a medical condition from various respiratory and skin diseases due to regular contact to the on the edge particulate matter and toxic substances. Miners working in different kinds of mines are ill with from asbestosis, black lung diseases etc.

Mining is compulsory for nations to have ample and trustworthy supplies of mineral deposits and resources to meet their trade and industry and protection needs at up to standard environmental, energy, and financially viable costs. Fuel minerals, such as coal and uranium, must be processed using chemicals and other treatments to produce the quality of fuel preferred. Mining activity needs to get more constructive towards the miners and their families and help treat and avoid medicinal hazards for a hale and hearty living.

When you purchase gold next time, make it a point to thank the miners.

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