Government Initiatives For Environment

Filed Under (Environmental Pollution) by admin on 05-06-2010

The central and the state governments own, control and develop a countries forests, dams, major irrigation systems, power stations, industries, means of transportation, railways, roads, ports etc. The government is not just the protector of the countries environment but also has a major responsibility for sustaining environmental conscience.

In India the ministry of environment and forests is the main nodal agency for generating environment consciousness and making and implementing schemes for environmental protection. The government’s environmental policy focuses to check degradation of land and water through wasteland management and restoration of river water quality programs.

The policy also focuses to provide for conservation of natural resources by direct action such as declaration of reserved forests, biosphere reserves, wetlands, mangroves, and protection of endangered species. It makes laws and cats for environment protection and initiates penal measures against those who violate the laws.

The government’s initiatives are to plan and execute a nationwide programme for the prevention, control of environmental pollution. It emphasizes to lay down standards for the quality of the environment in various aspects and for emission or discharge of environmental pollutants from different sources.

To protect wildlife the government of India has set up national parks, sanctuaries, and tiger and biosphere reserves.

As such the environment has a major role in environmental protection. It is the government’s duty to find out ways and means of improving efficiency of existing technologies and introduce new eco-friendly technologies.

Eco-friendly technologies are based on renewable sources as raw material as well as energy to produce environment friendly products. For example, to reduce vehicular

Pollution in Delhi, the government initiated the development and use of CNG kits in automobiles instead of petroleum. This step has reduced air pollution in Delhi to a considerable extent.

In order to minimize the adverse impact of a number of developmental projects on the environment, the government ensures that an environmental impact assessment is carried out before such a project is started. These plans are also strictly monitored for compliance.

The government has set up various committees to evaluate the impact of various projects on environment. Some of the issues which have been hotly debated in recent decades include the importance of constructing big dams, affect of pollution on monuments like Taj Mahal, protection of wildlife, especially endangered species like lions, tigers etc. The government also seeks public opinion on certain matters related to the environment.

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